That same year, the Moro Islamic Liberation Front, which had separated from the MNLF in 1977, began informal discussions with the Ramos government. However, these were not followed, and milF began to recruit and establish camps and become the dominant Muslim rebel group. Joseph Estrada`s government has called for a firm stance against it; Gloria Macapagal Arroyo tried to sign a peace agreement with him, but it was declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court of the Philippines. [12] The 1996 agreement calls on the ARMM Regional Assembly (not in 1996) to establish Sharia courts and Islamic schools. Sharia courts and Islamic schools already existed in the ARMM prior to the 1996 peace agreement, which served as the basis for the increase or decrease in the frequency of the two institutions. In a 1994 interview with Judge Alauya, He told a Sharia magistrate that there were currently five Sharia district courts and 31 Sharia district courts in the ARMM and that judges were receiving their Sharia training in Saudi Arabia.1 During the negotiations, Marcos stated in his journal that Misuari and Libyan diplomat Ali Treki repeatedly insisted that “all Mindanao , Sulu and Palawan are organized in one region. But they are prepared to put that to a referendum. [8] Marcos was inclined to accept, as he felt that “Palawan, the three Davaos, the two Surigaos, the two Agusans, Southern Cotabato, Bukidnon, the two Misamis, possibly Lanao del Norte, Zamboanga del Norte and others[8] did not want to be admitted to the autonomous region of Muslims. The day before the agreement was signed, negotiations were stalled and Gaddafi asked Imelda Marcos to return to Libya to speed up the talks. Imelda succeeded by telephone in persuading the Libyan head of state to accept the Philippine president`s proposal to “submit the issue of autonomy to the Philippine constitutional process”[9] for the thirteen provinces. The agreement was signed the next day. As requested in 1996, a regional referendum was held in August 2001 on the extension of the autonomous region of the four provinces of Muslim Mindanao (ARMM). Only one new province, the Muslim-majority island of Basilan, voted in favour of joining the ARMM.

Faced with an undisguised democratic rejection by poor voters, even in several Muslim-majority provinces, MNLF leader Nur Misuari is protesting against the timing and legitimacy of the referendum, amid widespread calls for his resignation. In November, MNLF units, loyal only to Misuari, attacked AFP facilities in Zamboanga and Jolo, killing some 140 people. It remains unclear whether Only Misuari ordered the attacks. He was arrested while attempting to cross the border with Sabah in Malaysia and detained in the Philippines by AFP security forces. He was then placed under house arrest1 The OIC`s general secretariat, the third oversight body elected in the 1996 peace agreement, received an official report from the CCA in December 2005, which reported on the five main implementation articles of the CCA in Phase II of the peace agreement. Ferdinand Marcos then implemented the agreement by creating two autonomous regions (instead of one) of ten provinces (instead of thirteen). This led to the collapse of the peace pact and the resumption of hostilities between the MNLF and Philippine government forces. [10] [11] The 1976 Tripoli Agreement was signed by Carmelo Z.

on 23 December 1976 in Tripoli, Libya.